Minnesota has taken small steps in the right direction to improve its state education policies, including strengthening accountability for public charter schools in 2013, but the state still has much work to do. Educator effectiveness is still significantly undervalued in Minnesota. The state has adopted and is piloting new evaluation systems that include at least some measure of student academic growth among other components. Unfortunately, Minnesota still has not taken firm steps to use evaluation data in personnel decisions, despite previously making this commitment. Seniority still trumps classroom performance in decision-making related to placement, dismissals, layoffs, and compensation. Notably Minnesota also adopted the first public charter school law in the country. That law now needs to be improved. Public charter schools do not receive comparable funding or meaningful support for accessing facilities, and authorizers are not held accountable for school performance. Parents also lack easy-to-understand information about their children’s schools. Finally, while Minnesota’s law requires district spending to be more transparent, the state does not yet link spending to student outcomes to ensure districts are maximizing both efficiency and effectiveness.